Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA) is a great step of union government of India for boosting pro-farmer initiatives. PM-AASHA aimed to ensure reasonable remunerative prices to farmers for their produce. For that, the government has taken an unprecedented step. The PM-AASHA is expected to complement the increase in MSP, This increased MSP will be converted to farmer’s income by way of robust procurement mechanism in coordination with the states.
The three components under the scheme is thus aimed towards enhancing agricultural productivity, reducing cost of cultivation which will enable boosting and securing farmer’s income in the long run. They are:
Price Support Scheme (PSS)
The main features of Price Support scheme is that the physical procurement of pulses, oilseeds and Copra will be done by Central Nodal Agencies, Here state governments have a proactive role. The procurement expenditure and losses due to procurement will be borne by Central Government as per norms. NAFED and Food Cooperation of India (FCI) will take up PSS operations in states as well as in districts.
Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS)
Under Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS) is proposed to cover all oilseeds for which MSP is notified. In the scheme, pre-registered farmers selling his produce in the notified market yard will get the direct payment of the difference between the MSP and the selling/modal price through a transparent auction process. This payment is directly into the registered bank account of the farmer. The support of the central government for PDPS will be given as per norms.
Pilot of Private Procurement & Stockist Scheme (PPPS).
This scheme ensures the participation of the private sector in procurement operation on the pilot basis of learnings. The limit of private participation in procurement operations may be increased. For oilseed, the states have the option to roll out Private Procurement Stockist Scheme (PPSS) on a pilot basis in selected district/APMC(s) of district involving the participation of private stockiest.
Whenever the prices in the market fall below the notified MSP and whenever authorized by the state/UT government to enter the market and maximum service charges up to 15% of the notified MSP will be payable. During the notified period the selected private agency can procure the commodity at MSP in the notified markets during from the registered farmers.